One point that several of the best academic researchers on Southern colonial and Antebellum history have made is that the New World plantation civilization to which the South belonged derived its classically-influenced values and social structure from an existing colonial model which flourished in the Mediterranean basin (my forthcoming book delves much more deeply into this topic). The “Golden Circle” or Caribbean-centered plantation civilization was born prior to the ascendancy of capitalism, appearance of socialism and influence of the Enlightenment. It was influenced by the Renaissance, which was a rebirth of classical thinking in the West. The South, founded at the northern extreme of the plantation civilization, was civilizationally linked to the Caribbean, Brazil, the Iberian peninsula, Renaissance Italy and the Crusader States of the Levant. This is evident in its religious expression, politics, labor structure and numerous other aspects of being. In time then the South was largely a product of the Renaissance while the North was a product of the Enlightenment. The South, at least as far as the disposition of its ruling class, was seigneurial while the North was bourgeois.
Italian historian Dr. Raimondo Luraghi wrote that “Seen from the distance of time it is clear that the ideology upon which New England was built was… the absolute reverse of the ideology of Virginia” (The Rise and Fall of the Plantation South, New Viewpoints, New York, 1978, p. 32).
Russian scholar and geopolitical theorist Alexander Dugin makes the point in Eurasian Mission: Introduction to Neo-Eurasianism (Arktos, 2014) that “The US was founded as a purely conceptual society conveying the very essence of modernity.” He goes on to describe the United States as “a very individualistic society and very liberal in all senses.” Dugin asserts:
It was born modern. This is important. To be born modern means the US never became modern; it has never been pre-modern. …The US doesn’t know what it is like to be unmodern.
In sharp contrast, Southern society was born Pre-Modern. It remained Pre-Modern until it was militarily conquered and Northern bourgeois forces imposed Modernity upon it.
The roots of our identity, culture and politics are outside of the Modern, individual-focused superstructure of Modernity. They are even further removed from Post-Modernity. This is a theme we shall explore on SF in the coming weeks and months as we flesh out the political theory of the Golden Circle and apply of it what we can to the challenges forced upon us in an imploding Post-Modern superstructure.