The world is currently divided into over 190 sovereign political states (plus a few de facto states) most of which are joined into various multi-national regional unions: the European Union, African Union and Arab League are just a few, with numerous more proposed unions such as the East Asian Community. Most of these blocs were created to support the present liberal, US-led global order. The Shanghai Cooperation Organization and Eurasian Economic Union are unique in that they represent possible threats to the Atlanticist-based system which ensures global liberal hegemony. They point to at least the possibility of a multi-polar world. However, these are not the only possible regional blocs which might challenge the existing liberal order of Post-Modernity. We of the South are at the heart of the possibility of something revolutionary and important in the Western Hemisphere.
UNLIKE AMERICA: PRE-MODERN FOUNDATIONS
One of the defining features which endures to some degree in the South today is our Pre-Modern roots. Our cultural-space, populated primarily by British settlers, inherited many of its norms, social and economic structure, from the plantation civilization of the New World. Importantly, that civilization, though unique in its location, racial composition and connections to four continents (Europe, Africa, North and South America), was a continuation of the colonial plantation model Western peoples constructed in the Mediterranean basin. Colonies similar to those of Dixie, the Caribbean and northeastern South America were built in the Levant, Crimea and shortly thereafter (following the loss of the Crusader States to the Muslims) on the isles of the Mediterranean. From there the colonial plantation model was taken to the eastern Atlantic isles where true plantation societies were established. The Portuguese successfully took this model to Brazil while the French and Spanish expanded it into other parts of Latin America. The English colony of Barbados, the mother colony of the South, was revolutionized by this process and its inhabitants established South Carolina as a plantation colony – whose people spread its system throughout the South. Our social, religious and economic roots are to be found in the Pre-Modern Mediterranean basin. Our ideological roots are in the Renaissance and are identified with neo-classicalism. This distinguished us from the other British colonies of North America and established conditions which gave rise to Southern nationalism, secession and US invasion and domination. The South of today is a society with the legacy of Pre-Modern roots which suffers foreign (US) occupation and colonization (culturally, politically and militarily) by a Post-Modern state which never shared our Pre-Modern experience. As Alexander Dugin writes in Eurasian Mission (Arktos, 2014):
It was born modern. This is important. To be born modern means that the US never became modern; it has never been pre-modern. It is not relatively modern. It is absolutely modern. The US doesn’t know what it is like to be unmodern.
This birth in Pre-Modernity continues to influence the Southern people on multiple levels despite the thorough post-1865 colonization of Dixie. Unlike non-Southern Americans, we retain elements of classical values and look to more than individualism (and now post-individualism). This is evident in Southern resistance to interracial and homosexual marriage, abortion, the destruction of heritage and our close association with religion. All of the things which Progressive USA hates about the South is a result of our roots in a different civilization, one referred to as the Golden Circle by many nineteenth century Southerners.
The South shares its Pre-Modern roots with Latin America and its historic ties and civilizational founding with the former plantation colonies of the Golden Circle. Dugin writes:
Latin America was never cut off so radically from Mother Europe. It was conceived as a peripheral part of Europe, and maintained strong ties to her. Latin America was part of European history, and so it has inherited European pre-modernity – Catholicism, the idea of empire, caste society, and so on. Modernity for Latin America has the same sense as it has for Europe: it is one step beyond its pre-modern roots. So, South America is much more European than America, and its deep identity is much easier to discover. Its roots are Latin: Spanish, Portuguese, Catholic, and Mediterranean.
Where Dugin goes astray is in ignoring the South as the historical northern-most arm of the same civilization to which Brazil, Venezuela, Barbados and Cuba belonged. He sees a future multi-polar world as being comprised in the Western Hemisphere of a North American Great Space and a Central and South American Great Space, with the latter Latin American countries having “historical, economic, and political qualities”… “which are different from those of the Anglo-Saxons.” Dugin promotes the “integration of close civilizations and cultural spaces” which “will be able to guarantee fully-fledged development to the nations of Latin America.” And, in combating the Atlanticist-supported global liberal hegemony of Post-Modernity, he promotes “the limitations of American strategic, political and economic interests to the boundaries of the American meridian zone.” Ignoring the complete and utter lack of any authentic American traditionalist movement and the total domination of the “Right” in US politics by neo-conservative Atlanticists, Dugin asserts that “our allies in this question will be the American conservatives, who are adherents of both isolationism and expansionism as limited by the Monroe Doctrine.”
In reality, there is no American conservative movement with which to ally. The closest thing to such a movement was destroyed when Patrick Buchanan was sidelined by neo-conservatives in the 1990s. And Buchanan’s roots are truly in the South, not America as a whole. The rise of Donald Trump and his ideological realignment to the Right of the Republican Party on questions of trade and immigration do point to some possible non-Southern conservative movement but we have yet to see if it will fully emerge. It seems far more likely that Trump, a thoroughly bourgeois man who heads a multi-national business empire, will return to the familiar ground of American politics should he win the Republican nomination – which is itself an unlikely event. The entirety of the US establishment is against the man’s new ideological stance outside the American mainstream.
The true potential ally in the US of those who seek a multi-polar world is the Southern people. Our roots are not in Modernity. We cling to our own symbols. We have a long history of resisting US liberal hegemony. We were once, though briefly, an independent nation. We have a native soil to which we are closely attached and a heritage that we value, while Dugin notes that “America is a very shallow, hollow society. …Americans lack soil, a pre-modern legacy, depth, and roots.”
The future quest of Southern nationalists on the international level is to make our possibility known. It is to foster relationships with Western traditionalists in Cuba, Venezuela, Central America and Brazil. It is to help the Southern man and woman realize that their origins were outside of America and their destiny lies outside of the liberal, Post-Modern USA.
Also see: Part II