Some of those who worked in the independent Southern press of the Antebellum period recognized that political concessions such as the Compromise of 1850, in which the South surrendered her constitutional rights for the sake of Union and peace, were only temporary measures and could not overcome the fundamental differences and hostility between Northerners and Southerners.
Celebrated American historian Avery O. Craven in his important work The Growth of Southern Nationalism 1848-1861 (LSU Press, 1953) quotes an insightful newspaper editor from Columbus, Georgia on the matter:
There is a feud between North and South which may be smothered, but never overcome. They are at issue upon principles as dear and lasting as life itself. Reason as we may, or humbug as we choose, there is no denying the fact that the institutions of the South are the cause of this sectional controversy, and never until these institutions are destroyed, or there is an end to the opposition of the North to their existence, can there be any lasting and genuine settlement between the parties. We may purchase, as we have done in this instance, a temporary exemption from wrong by a course of compromise and concession; but we had as soon think of extirpating a malady by attacking its symptons as to hope for a final adjustment of our difficulties. The evil is, Northern interference with Southern institutions, an interference that is legalized by and grows out of our political connection with our enemies. …Let no Southern man be deceived: a momentary quiet has hushed the voice of agitation; but there is no peace.
As we see with the war upon Southern symbolism, culture and identity, the abolition of slavery (and segregation) has not “hushed the voice of agitation.” Northern hostility to Southern distinction – and mere existence – persists. As the Columbus newspaper editor noted, this hostility and the resulting conflict grows out of our unfortunate political connection with non-Southerners. The Union is the source of our problems.